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MBA联考英语写作策略和技巧

http://mba.b2cedu.com  2015-5-18  来源:网络  作者:佚名

Part IV Writing

  Section A:

  You have just come back from the U.S. as a member of a Sino-American cultural exchange program. Write a letter to your American colleague to

  1). Express your thanks for his/her warm reception

  2). Welcome him/her to visit China in due course.

  Don’t sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Zhang Wei” instead

  Don’t write your address.

  考生A

   Dear Li;

  I am writing to thank for your warm reception.

  I am a member of a Sino-American cultural exchange program. Last week, I visited American. It is first time I went to there. You are so kind man, every thing you prepare for me. I had no matters in fact.

  In American, you introduce your cultural and company with me to visited some famous buildings.

  In there, I had a good week, thank you a lot.

  By the way, I am very glad to invite you to visit China in due course. I will hope you come here.

   Yours Li (3)

  考生B

  Dear Mike,

   I have just arrived home yesterday with hours of flight across Pacific Ocean

   I would like to express my special thanks to you during the visit as a member of cultural exchange program. With your arrangements and helps, I felt your reception just like at home all obstacles has been resolved carefully by you. I am very gratitude for this.

   I would be very pleased to see you in China at soonest, couldn’t wait to show you around of my country.

   Yours sincerely

   Zhangwei (7)

  考生C

   Dear John,

   I am writing the letter to express my gratitude for your warm reception. In the past two months in your country, I had received lots of careful consideration from you. My living conditions you prepared were excellent. All the above are good memories in my heart.

   As we know, this program will be held again next year in China, I hope deeply you and other colleague could come to China. In return, I will be the guide to visit Chinese famous spots. Welcome warmly you to China.

   I am looking forward to receiving your news. Please give me phone call before you coming to China.

  Yours sincerely

   Zhangwei (9)

  标准范文:

  Dear Sir/Madam,

  I’m writing to express our sincere thanks for your help you have offered to us during our stay in your country for the Sino-American cultural exchange. Without your careful treatment, we would not have found our feet in that city so rapidly. Without your adequate preparation, we would not have got so much knowledge about American culture as well. In a word, but for you, the exchange would not have progressed so perfectly.

  Now we have got back to our country and we all look forward to a further exchange between you America and China. Welcome to china in the future.

  Again thanks very much for your help.

  Best wishes!

     Sincerely yours,

    Zhang Wei

  英语(一)

   Part A. Direction: You are supposed to write for the Postgraduates’ Association a notice recruit volunteers for an international conference on globalization. The notice should include the basic qualifications for applicants and other information which you think is relevant.

   Do not sign your own name at the end of the notice. Use “Postgraduate Association” instead. (10 points)

  考生A.

   Ladies and gentlemen,

   All volunteers of the Postgraduates’ Association please show your attention to this conference, which is international and the theme of which is about globalization, so two economists have been invited to this conference.

  We’ll be held the conference 10:00 a.m. on Saturday in the six floor of library. We hope you all can get there 10 minutes advanced.

   Postgraduates’ Association (3 points)

   Junary Ninth

  考生B.

  Dear Sir or Madam:

   I am a 23-year-old girl in the English department of Beijing University. I am also a volunteer in the Postgraduates’Association. I am writing the notice to you for a volunteers for an international conference on globalization.

   You have qualifications as follows. To begin with, your English speaking must very well. Could speak with foreigners use English. What is more, you could use computer for instance. Making form. Making flesh. And so on. At last, if you could across, as a volunteer, you must give up your personal benefit for social responsibility.

   I am looking forward you.

   Sincerely

   Postgraduates’ Association (4 points)

   考生C.

  Attention please. There will be an international conference on globalization, and our Postgraduates’ Association needs to recruit some volunteers for this conference.

  There are also some basic information for you to know:

  1. If you were a girl, your height should not be lower than 160cm. and if you were a boy, your height should be 170cm or taller than it.

  2. Being a volunteer may make you feel tired, so you should have a healthy body and can tolerate being tired.

  3. If you want to be one of our volunteers and also match the basic qualifications, you can download a form from our web. Fill it and hand it to us.

  Postgraduates’ Association, Jan, 9th (8.5 points)

  

  参考范文

  To whom it may concern,

  The Conference of International Integration will be held next month in Beijing in xx University. The Postgraduate’s Association has set a preparation committee to organize this conference.

  Therefore, we are in need of volunteers to help us organize the relevant affairs of the conference, including reception, distribution of documents, technical support, etc. Students who have previous experience as volunteers are preferred. Basic knowledge in computer, fluent oral English and an amicable personality are some of the qualities we desire. Volunteers shall be available for at least 3 days during the conference. No excuses of absence will be accepted once you are one of our volunteers. If you are interested in this job and are willing to have a whole new experience in this semester. Please do not hesitate to send your resume toxxx@hotmail.com.

  Thank you!

  Postgraduate’s Association

 

 新大纲对写作的新要求

  小作文 10分 80—100字文章

  小作文写作的范围信函letter,报告report,备忘memo,摘要abstract

  信函包括:询问信、建议信、求职信、推荐信、邀请信、投诉信、辞职信、感谢信、道歉信。

  大作文 15分 情景短文,根据要求写一篇字数大约在150/200 words的议论文

  小作文评分标准:

  第五档(9—10分)很好的完成了试题包含了所有的内容要点;使用丰富的语法结构和词汇;语言自然流畅,语法错误极少;格式和语法恰当贴切

  第四档(7—8分)较好地完成了试题规定的任务;包含所有内容要点,允许漏掉一,两个次重点;使用较丰富的语法结构和词汇;语言基本准确,只有在试图使用较复杂结构时才有个别错误。

  第三档(5—6分)基本完成了试题规定的任务,虽漏掉一些内容,但包含了多数内容要点;应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求;有一些语法及词汇错误,但不影响理解。

  第二档(3—4分)未能按要求完成试题规定的任务;漏掉或未能阐述一些内容要点,写了一些无关的内容;语法结构单调,词汇项目有限;有较多的语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。

  第一档(1—2分)未完成试题规定的任务;明显遗漏主要内容,且有许多不相关的内容;语法项目和词汇的使用单调,重复;语言错误多。

  

小结:

  1. 内容切题,包括提纲或图画的全部要点和信息

  2. 表达清楚,意思连贯

  3. 用词正确,句式有变化,语言比较规范

  4. 文章的字数符合要求)

  

阅卷老师评分的三个主要标准

  1. 语言: 语言主要是时态,主谓一致;语言要丰富多彩,尽量使用同义词语替换;句式也要求丰富多变,不要拘泥于主—谓—宾结构,长短句结合为宜。

  2. 结构。文章往往采用“总—分—总”的关系,英语文章先论点后论证,结构清晰。

  It is no exaggeration to say that telecommunications bring huge benefits and great convenience to our daily life. For instance, telephone makes it possible for people in different places to talk to one another; and mobile phone and e-mail even brings us much more convenience by enabling us to communicate with others regardless of time and place. Furthermore, thanks to the rapid growth of telecommunications, business corporations and government officials can manage their affairs far more efficiently through phone, fax, and on-line computer. It is an even more important information source for those research workers. Thus, we may say that modern life would be unimaginable without telecommunications.

  3. 内容:观点和思想不要创新,但一定要体现正向的心态,观点不宜特例独行。

  

写作(12—15分钟)

  1. 结构与功能对应原则

  在写小作文过程中,应时刻牢记:应用文的实用性很强,最重要的特点就是结构与功能的对应原则。

  2. 模板句活用原则

  3. 检查(2—3分钟)

  格式检查:应用文对格式是有很高的要求的,书信中前有日期、称呼语后有结束语

  拼写语法是否错误:检查时看看有没有语法结构和拼写错误。不影响卷面的整洁

   == 大小作文必备的语法 ==:

  1. 过去成时表示过去某时之前已完成的动作或状况。在时间上, 它属于“过去的过去”。

  a. No sooner had the foot ball game begun than it started raining

  b. Hardly/Scarcely had I arrived when I began to write to you.

  c. By the end of 2008, the number of users of mobile phones had reached up to 1.2 billions.

  2. 现在完成时表示目前已完成的动作或刚刚完成的动作。

   Otherwise, we will pay a heavy price for what we have done sooner or later.

   还有up to now, so far, these days, for, since 等…(后接一段时间的短语),

  a. So far I haven't heard of anybody who wants stop living on account of the cost.

  迄今为止,我从未听说过有人因生活费过昂而不要生存下去的。

  b. Up to now the number of users of cell phones has reached up to 1.2 billions around the world.

  c. In some countries,economic growth has been even more rapid. In Japan,for instance,average income has doubled in/over the past 20 years,and in South Korea it has doubled in/over the past 10 years

  3. 将来完成时表示将来某时前已完成的动作, 它与可用来表示推测。

  a. I hope that you will have solved my problems by the end of the next week.

  b. By the end of next year, many more high-rises will have been built around there.

  4. 现在完成进行时 “一直在” have/has been doing

  现在完成时间时表示从过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作。此动作或情况可能已停止, 也可能继续下经也可表示刚结束的动作。 It has been raining this week.

  a. … has, undoubtedly, been playing a significant role in our life as well as our work.(undoubtedly=there is no doubt that…)

  b In recent years, the volunteering spirit has been spreading among the Chinese people, especially among youngsters.

  特别提醒:同学们,记住了在写作中会熟练使用完成时态和过去时吗?

  二.语态

  英语又主动和被动语态两种,英文多被动,中文多主动,所以我们写英语作文时会有意识地用些被动语态吗?

  a. It may be said without the fear of exaggeration that telecommunications bring huge convenience as well as large benefits to our daily life.

  b. It is well known that … 大家知道(众所周知)……/It is generally accepted that…./it is universally acknowledged that…

  c. It must be pointed out that … 我们必须指出……

  d. Along with the advance of our society, …is of great significance. As a matter of fact, not too much can be emphasized about the significance of ____.

  e. Great efforts should be made to inform young people especially the dreadful consequences of

  taking up the habit of smoking.

  f. Special attention should be paid to the protection of rare animals.

  特别提醒:英语的被动语态基本上都需要用中文的主动语态来理解---这是被动语态在翻译和阅读中的应用。其次,被动语态在作文里应用需要记住的是“必须意识到”、“必须指出”、“毫不夸张的说”、“或许有人会认为”等

  

三. 虚拟语气

  1. 请记住一下三种基本形式

   a. If it were to rain tomorrow, the game would be put off.

   b. If you did not solve my problems, I would complain about the quality of the shoes I bought.

   c. If we hadn’t made adequate preparations last year, the conference wouldn’t have been so successful.

  注意:混合式的虚拟语气:If I had taken my raincoat when I came out this morning, I would not be wet now.

  引导非真实条件从句的连词if在正式文件中有时可以省去, were, had, should等非行为动词这时应提到从句句首。

  If I were you, I wouldn’t feel sorry. →Were I you, I wouldn’t feel sorry.

  如果我要是经理,我就会尽快解决电话费用问题

   Were I your manager, I would solve the problem of phone bill as soon as possible.

  2. But for, without, with, 型的虚拟语气

  a. But for your help, I would not have been pleasant in America.

  b. Our modern life would be un-imaginable without .

  c. Our modern life would be un-imaginable with

  d. It is extremely difficult to imagine what our modern life would be like without/with____.

  3. It is necessary/essential/important/vital/natural that somebody should do sth /that something should be done.

  a. It is vital that our government pass laws to ban fake diploma.

  b. It is essential that effective measures should be taken to popularize our Chinese in the world.

  4. 建议型/it is suggested/proposed/desired that somebody should do sth/ that something should be done

   It is suggested that rare animals should be protected as friends of human beings.

  5. I wish that 型

   a. I wish that you would solve my problems as soon as possible.

   b. I wish that I had visited USA last year.

   c. I wish that I had a better job to make a living for myself as well as my family.

  6. It is high time that 型 (该句式完全可以用在问题解决型的作文里)

   It is high time that some measures were taken to (for example, ban and restrict …). First and foremost, it is vital that our government pass laws to . Secondly, media should play a significant role of educator in arousing people’s awareness of …. In addition, we everyone should be aware of the significance and seriousness of ____. The more I understand it, the better we can improve it for our society.

  最后请记住

  虚拟是英语作文的制胜法宝,阅卷老师也是大学教师,天天在课堂上跟学生强调虚拟语气,加入在你的作文里用上了一个虚拟语气的句子,阅卷老师会多么心花怒放啊!

  

四,英语强调句式

  It is …that…强调句式

  注意, 强调结构不能用来强调谓语动词和表语(强调谓语是do,does,did:I do love you)。

  1. It was Chinese that is of great significance in our modern life other than our society.

  2. It is how to ban and restrict the use of plastic bags that they discussed last week.

  3. It was because he was too careless that he broke all the glasses.

  4. It is in this room that I was born 30 years ago.

  

五.英语倒装句式

  a. Hardly/Scarcely had I arrived when I began to write to you.

  b. With globalization have come many problems./With the development of society have come many problem, one of which is ….

  c. only through____ can we solve it (only through our joint effort can we solve it as soon as possible).

  d. Only when we realize the significance and seriousness of this problem can we solve it very well

  e. So serious is this problem that we have no choice/alternative but to take some feasible measures to deal with it.

  f. Not only does it reflect the improvement of our life, but also it mirrors the rapid development of our economy.

  

六.情态动词

  1. Can, could, be able to do sth/ can not do sth=fail to do sth/be unable to do sth

  2. may, might, be likely to do sth/ may not do sth, be unlikely to do sth

  3. must, have to

  

七. 形容词和动词作主语的问题

   To have good knowledge of globalization is indispensable for this conference.

   Having good command of English is essential for this conference

   What is important for this conference is to have good command of English

   What is indispensable for this conference is to speak English fluently.

  

八. 散见在阅读中的好句子

   1. Is language,like food,a basic human need without which a child at a critical period of life can be starved and damaged?

  2. There is a new type of … becoming increasingly common in our study as well as our society.

  3. The growth and apparent success of such a specialized service is, of course, a reflection on the current high levels of unemployment. It is also an indication of the growing importance of the job history), with the suggestion that it may now qualify as an art form.

  4. There was a time when(In the past) job seekers simply wrote letters of application.

  5. There is no doubt, however, that it is increasing number of applicants with university education that has led to the greater importance of the curriculum vitae.

  6. …may become a tool which opens windows to the world, unlocks doors to the opportunities and expands our mind to new ideas.

  

各个击破应用文写作

  1. 建议信;例子:

  Directions: restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been successful in some regions, “white pollution” is still going on. Write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper to

   (1). Give your opinion briefly, and

   (2). Make two or three suggestions

  You should write about 100 words.

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead

  Do not write the address(20 points)

  通常建议信分为三部分

  1. 自我介绍,说明目的

  2. 委婉地提出建议及改进措施,或提出忠告

  3. 采纳建议会带来好处,

  模板:

  Dear Editor,

   As a loyal reader of your newspaper, I am writing this letter to advise you of….we are facing currently. As we know, … in our daily life has become an indispensable part of our life, and …is still a common phenomenon, which has a great impact upon our life as well as our society.

  In my opinion, to save the situation from further development, it is vital that measures should be taken immediately. To begin with, local government should not only lay attach importance to it, but also put effort into finding acceptable measures to solve it. In addition, public media should play a significant role of an educator in arousing the awareness of the public about it.

  I would appreciate it if you can make full use of your influence as the local newspaper with the largest circulation and arouse public’s attention to …

   Yours sincerely

   Li Ming

  

辞职信

  要求(要有礼貌诚恳):

  1. 说明写信的目的,简单说明辞职的请求

  2. 具体阐述放弃某份工作的原因,表示遗憾和感谢

  3. 希望对方同意自己的请求,并对辞职进行道歉

  模板

  Directions:two weeks ago you got a job as editor for the magazine. But now you find that the work is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss, Mr. Wang, telling him your decision, stating your reasons and making an apology

  Dear Mr. Wang,

  I am writing to submit my resignation from my current position。 The primary reasons why I quit are as follows。

  First of all, the salary has proven to be much lower than you promises, and I have a large family to support. What is more,I want to have flexible working hours, but there is fixed working hour in your company. It is really exhausting for me to follow the tight schedule every day. Most importantly, I would like to have more time to be with my family and take good care of my child.

  I sincerely hope that you approve of(agree to)my resignation。 I feel terribly sorry for any inconvenience caused。

   Yours sincerely

   Li Ming

  

道歉信

  格式: 分为三步

  1) 表达歉意

  2) 说明造成过错或自己不能履行承诺的原因,提出补救措施

  3) 可再次表达歉意或希望得到谅解

  模板

  Directions:Suppose that He Jie, a friend of yours, has invited you to his birthday party, but you can not go for some reasons. Write a letter in about 100 words to make an apology to him. Don’t sign your own your name at the end of your letter, use “Zhangwei” instead.

  Dear He Jie,

  Much to my regret that I am unable to attend your birthday party next Tuesday evening. That is owing to the fact that my boss has assigned me quite a few tasks and required me to finish as soon as possible, and it happens that your birthday is going to be held when I will be fully busy.

  So I am terribly sorry that I fail to go to celebrate your birthday and I really regret that I would miss the perfect chance of enjoying myself with so many friends. But I would like to wish you a happy birthday here and ask my friend to send you in advance a gift which is a small token of my best wishes for you. besides, please give my regards to our friends when you meet them in the part.

   Yours sincerely

   Zhangwei

  

感谢信

  结构

  1. 说明感谢的原因,表达感谢之情

  2. 可具体谈对方的帮助,以及自己的感受或帮助对自己的意义

  3. 再次致谢,或进一步表明自己希望回报对方

  You have just come back from the U.S. as a member of a Sino-American cultural exchange program. Write a letter to your American colleague to

  1). Express your thanks for his/her warm reception

  2). Welcome him/her to visit China in due course.

  Don’t sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Zhang Wei” instead. Don’t write your address.

  Dear Sir/Madam,

  I’m writing to express our sincere thanks for your help you have offered to us during our stay in your country for the Sino-American cultural exchange. Without your careful treatment, we should not have found our feet in that city so rapidly. Without your adequate preparation, we would not have got so much knowledge about American culture as well. In a word, but for you, the exchange would not have progressed so perfectly.

  Now we have got back to our country and we all look forward to a further exchange between you America and China. Welcome to china in the future.

  Again thanks very much for your help.

  Best wishes!

     Sincerely yours,

    Zhang Wei

  

求职信

  格式

  1. 应充分表达自己对该工作的渴求,态度要诚恳

  2. 应尽量展示自己的技能和经历,陈述要符合实际

  3. 在强调自身经历和优点的时候,应把握尺度

  Directions:Write a letter in about 100 words to a company to apply for the position as an assistant manager. Don’t sign your own your name at the end of your letter, use “Zhangwei” instead.

  Dear Sir or Madam:

  I am writing you this letter to show my keen interest in the position of assistant manager for which you advertised in yesterday’s China Daily. As is indicated in the enclosed resume, my major and experiences closely parallel your requirement.

  I have always been a top student in my specialized area. I took several other courses in my spare time and excelled in all of them due to my hard work. I am sure that such courses as business management and statistics will lend me an edge in the fierce competition in the job market. Another point I want to draw your attention to is that I have been taking an active part in a variety of other activities. In the due process my teamwork spirit has been enhanced and my interpersonal skills improved.

  I would like to meet you at your earliest convenience and discuss the possibility of working with your company. Or, if you are too busy these days, you can contact me at 1350…..for further information. Thank you for your favorable consideration.

   Yours sincerely

   Zhangwei

  

投诉信

   结构:

  1, 说明自己投诉的事件

  2, 具体说明的情况,可以是不愉快的事情发生的过程,也可是造成的后果

  3, 提出解决的方法,明确指出希望对方所做的事情

  Directions:write a letter complaining about phone bill in about 100 words

  Dear Sir or Madam:

   I am writing to let you know the bad attitude of one of your staff members.

   I received my phone bill for the previous month and found there were some errors in it: I had been overcharged for three long-distance calls. However, when I called your Complaint Department, the girl who answered my phone was very rude. Besides, she thought that it was my fault. Such a way of communicating with customers is unbearable.

  I would like to suggest that you look into the matter as soon as possible and ask the girl in question to make a formal apology to me. An early response will be appreciated.

  Yours sincerely

   Li Ming

  Dear_______,

  I am . (自我介绍) I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about_______.

  The reasons for my dissatisfaction is ______________(总体介绍). In the first place,_________________________(抱怨的第一个方面). In addition, ____________________________(抱怨的第二个方面). Under these circumstances, I find it ___(感觉) to ____________________________(抱怨的方面给你带来的后果).

   I appreciate it very much if you could_______________________(提出建议和请求), preferably __________(进一步的要求), and I would like to have this matter settled by ______(设定解决事情最后期限).

   Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to your reply.

  Yours sincerely

  Li Ming

  

询问信

  1, 第一部分自我介绍,简述写信的目的

  2, 具体叙述自己想获得的信息

  3, 表达渴望之情,也可以表达谢意

  Directions:you want to offer financial aid to a child in Zhou Qu earthquake area. Write a letter to the department concerned,asking them to help find a candidate.

  Dear Sir or Madam,

  I am writing to ask you whether you can help me find a child in the earthquake area so that I can offer financial aid to him or her.

  I plan to finance a child because his or her family has been damaged in the earthquake last year. I will give him or her 200 yuan every month. Meanwhile, I will supply her or him with some books and clothes.

  I am deeply concerned with those poor children whose family can not be complete so I sincerely hope that you can offer me this chance to help them. I am looking forward to hearing from you as soon as possible.

  Yours sincerely

   Li Ming

  

邀请信

  格式:

  1, 邀请对方参加的活动是什么,在什么地方,什么时间后者邀请的目的

  2, 活动安排,与对方相关的具体细节,如是否对方发言

  3, 期待对方尽早答复或征求对方对此邀请的意见

  Dear Mr. Wang,

  On behalf of …, I have the honor to to be present at the upcoming (会议名) conference,which is to be held in (某地名) on (月日) .(注:先地点后时间)

  For your information , the following is a brief outline (提纲) about the process(进程)of the seminar(研守会)/meeting. The seminar will begin with the presentation of Professor Gates , followed by a free discussion. Immediately after that will be a brainstorming(自由讨论) session(会期). Later on ,there will be a coffee break. At the end of the meeting,the chairman of the board will give a final speech.

  We look forward to a reply at your earliest convenience and we would be particularly honored by your distinguished presence at the ceremony.

  Yours sincerely

   Li Ming

  

推荐信

  1, 介绍自己,说明与被推荐人的关系

  2, 说明推荐人的情况,推荐理由,客观描述被推荐人的能力,人品和性格

  3, 总结性指出所推荐的人能够胜任某项工作或学习,表达期望和感谢

  模板

  Dear Mr. Wang,

  I take great pleasure in recommendation to you Mr. Li Hua as a graduate student in your university. He particularly wants to … under your leading. Enclosed with this letter is his resume,which further details his qualifications and previous work experience.

   In addition to his outstanding communication skills and organizing ability ,I am confident that his sense of responsibility quality him to be an ideal candidate.

  He have 6 years experience with ABC Company as the marketing manager. He was in charge of marketing program implementation(贯彻、执行) .

  I am confident that with his intelligence, diligence and extensive knowledge and experience, Mr. Li Hua has great potential for developing into a very fine scholar. I strongly recommend him to you with no reservations.

  Yours sincerely

   Li Ming

  

求职信

  Dear Sir or Madam,

    I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in____________(报纸名称)of________(广告发布时间)

    Not only do I have the qualifications for this job, but I also have the right personality for a __________(工作名称)。 In the one hand,_______________________________(第一个原因)。 On the other hand, __________________________________(另一个原因)。

    Should you grant me a personal interview, I would be most grateful. If you need to know more about me, please feel free to contact me at any time at _______________(电话号码)

    Thank you for considering my application, and I am looking forward to meeting you.

     Yours sincerely

     Li Ming

  

备忘录

  格式

  1, 抬头包含四个基本成分:

  TO: 收阅备忘录的人

  FROM:写备忘录的人

  SUBJECT: 备忘录的主题

  DATE:写备忘录的时间

  2, 备忘录的正文部分比较灵活,但总的来说应简洁易懂。如有并列信息,最好用项目符号或编号排列,使其条理清晰

  模板

  TO:

  FROM:

  SUBJECT:

  DATE:

   …主要内容

  摘要的书写

  要求:

  1, 仔细读懂中文文章的开始的段落,文章的小标题和文章的结尾;因为他们几乎都是该篇文章的主要意思。

  2, 一篇文章的目的,过程,方法,意义和结论分别是什么请大家一定要明白。

  3, 摘要基本都是:本篇论文目的是。。。通过什么方法,手段或过程等,得到什么的结论。其意义是什么。。。等等

  摘要写法:

  模板

  Abstract: The writer of this essay states that students have the right to be involved in college administrative decisions. Taking the current situation on his own college campus for an example, he stresses that student should be involved in decision-making process concerning the selection of teachers, classes planning and scheduling. He points out that students not only have vital interest in the above area, but they are also better equipped to make wise decisions. The writer concludes by proposing that students act to protect their own right and meet to draw up demands to the administration.

  常用句式:

  1. The writer of this essay tries to explore…

  2. This paper focuses on the topics of…

  3. This article compares…and summarizes key findings on…

  4. This article not only describes… but also suggests…

  5. The aim/purpose of this paper is to discuss…

  

大作文快速写作流程

  审题(2—3分钟)

  1. 列提纲:拿到题目之后,应快速、认真地看题目、提纲、图标等,看看它们构成了什么样的语境。然后断定文章的主题,确定文章类型,由此确定文章的几大部分,而后进一步决定每部分写作的主要内容。

  2. 取舍原则:主要指的是两层意思:第一,对于主题的阐述一定要明确,突出重点;第二,对于段落的安排要有通盘的考虑

  写作(20—30分钟)

  英语考试写作高分策略

  1.了解英语写作的测试目的,准确把握题目的要求

  2. 迅速梳理写作的思路,列出并借助提纲进行写作.

  3. 读懂试卷要求,究竟让我们写什么,什么才是要写的重心

  4. 正确把握遣词造句的原则

   (1)尽量使用同义词避免简单重复

  “重要”可用 important, critical, vital, significant, crucial、be very important/be of great importance/significance//…plays a significant role in our life as well as our society等。

  (2)尽量使用词性变化来丰富自己的表达手段

  如果能够用I/ Some people voice the opinion that… 来替代I think that …;

  (3)尽量使用派生形式来点缀文章亮点

  … would be unimaginable without _____ 来替代 … would be not imaginable without___.

  (4). 一定要在考试前准备些必用词语和好的句式

  1. There is no doubt that…//It is universally acknowledged that…/There is no denying the fact that … is of great importance in our life as well as our society in solving the problem of ….

  2. …have/has a profound/a positive/ negative impact /influence upon our life as well as our work.

  3. …attach importance to…/put stress on 强调,重视

  4. So significant is this problem that we have attach special importance to it.

  5. It must be realized that... 我们必须意识到...

  6. It is extremely difficult for us to imagine what our modern life would be like without … Of all the valuable things, I hold the opinion that … is of primary importance. Without it, there will be no development and ultimately/finally no society.

  7. It may become one tool that opens windows to the world, unlocks doors to opportunities, and expands our minds to new ideas.

  8.I am particularly adamant, insisting that…

  图表分析型作文:

  第一段:图表内容、总体变化、具体数据

  1. Directions: Study the following table carefully and write an essay of 160 words.

  (1). State the change briefly

  (2). Give possible reasons for the changes

  (3). State your viewpoints

   Students determined to further study Students determined to work after graduate

  2002 45% 60%

  2004 75% 50%

  2007 60% 55%

  2010 70% 60%

  2. Directions: study the Diagram given below carefully and write an essay of 160 words

   1. Describe the diagram

  2. explain the possible reasons,

  3. your comment

  

  3. Directions:

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

  1)describe the drawing briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and,

  3) give your comments.

  

  第一段模板一:

  What is shown in the chart/diagram/table indicates clearly that dramatic changes have taken place in the number of ___ over the past few years. As is shown by the chart/diagram/table, the percentage/number of … has been on a steady rise/decrease in current years. For instance, it has been from the rise of …in …(最初的一个年代)and …in…(中间的一个年代). By 2010, the percentage/number has risen up to …

  第一段模板二: The figures in the above picture indicate the stable increase of … from … to…. As depicted in the chart, ____in ….描述最早那个年代的现象. During the next ___ years, the number has been on a steady rise all the time. It went up to ___(数字) in ____(年代), and in____(最近的一个年代), 描述最近的一个年代现象。

  第一段模板之三

  Having captured our attention, the picture vividly betrays the fact that…Simple as it is, the drawing set us sinking in awfully. Accordingly, what this far-reaching picture depicts/witnesses a common phenomenon in today's society:…It goes without saying that its symbolic message that…

  第二段模板:图表作文的第二段不是分析原因,影响 或者就是分析数字反映的意义的

  原因:

  The reasons behind this change could be very complicated, while the major explanations for it could be as follows. In the first place, _________.In the second place , ___________. Last but by no means least, ________(分析原因是否可从经济,文化,社会,生活等方面分析呢)

  影响(effects/ consequences):

   So far as I’m concerned, I believe that such changes will result in some consequences(后果).

  For one thing, …. For another, …. Additionally, … (分析后果是否可从对经济,文化,社会,生活等方面带来的负面效应着手呢)

  积极意义型的

  Generally speaking, the significance of … can be clearly listed as follows. In the first place, …In the next place …Last but by no means least,…It is extremely difficult for us to imagine what our modern life would be like without … Of all the valuable things, I hold the opinion that … is of primary significance(非常重要). Without it, there would be no beautiful life and finally no beautiful future.

  第三段 不是提出图表所反映问题的解决办法就是提出自己的看法来总结的

  (解决问题型)1、In view of(鉴于。。。) the seriousness of the problem, it is vital (至关重要,,,)that effective measures (有效措施)should be taken to solve it. For one thing, it is high time that people all over China realized the significance of ….For another, it is essential that the government should pass strict laws and regulations in order to put the situation under control. If so, I am convinced that we must have a bright future.

  3. In a few words(总之), ... plays a significant role in our life as well as our society. As far as I am concerned, the more we realize it, the better we can do to improve it in the future. Given all these points above, I hold the opinion that …has great implications for our society(我认为,。。。对我们社会真是太有意义了). In a word, not too much can be said about the significance of ___.

  Good luck to you all!!

  

高分小贴士(tip)

  结构完成三段式, 中心突出主题句。

  层次清楚标志语, 闪光词汇闪光句。

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