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2015年MBA/MPA/MPACC英语真题及答案汇总(四)

http://mba.b2cedu.com  2014-12-28  来源:本站原创  作者:佚名

2015年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试于12月27日上午拉开大幕,下午考试结束后,华慧MBA第一时间发布真题,以下为2015年MBA/MPA/MPAcc管理类联考英语真题与参考答案,供考生参考。

    Part C Translation
  Directions:

  Translate the following text from English into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

  Think about driving a route that’s very familiar. It could be your commute to work, a trip into town or the way home. Whichever it is, you know every twist and turn like

the back of your hand. On these sorts of trips it’s easy to lose concentration on the driving and pay little attention to the passing scenery. The consequence is that you

perceive that the trip has taken less time than it actually has.

  This is the well-travelled road effect: people tend to underestimate the time it takes to travel a familiar route.

  The effect is caused by the way we allocate our attention. When we travel down a well-known route, because we don’t have to concentrate much, time seems to flow more

quickly. And afterwards, when we come to think back on it, we can’t remember the journey well because we didn’t pay much attention to it. So we assume it was proportionately

shorter.

  设想一下,你正开车行驶在一条非常熟悉的路线上。可能是你每天上下班、去城里、或是回家的路。不管是哪一条路,你对每一个拐每一个弯都了如指掌,非常熟悉。在这样的路途中,我们容易在

开车的时候心不在焉,对途中的景色也几乎是全然不顾。如此一来,你会觉得路上所花的时间比实际要少。

  这就是“熟悉路线效应”:人们往往会低估行驶在熟悉的路上所花费的时间。

  这一效应由我们分配精力的方式引起。当行驶在熟悉的路上时,由于我们不用太过集中精力,时间似乎飞逝而过。随后,我们回想行车过程时,由于我们没有过多关注,所以对行车的印象也很模糊

。因此我们会认为花费的时间会更短些。

  Section III    Writing

  Part A
  47. Directions:

  Suppose your university is going to host a summer camp for high school students. Write a notice to

  1) briefly introduce the camp activities, and

  2) call for volunteers.

  Your should write about 100 words on the ANSWER SHEET.

  Do not use your name or the name of your university.

  Do not write your address.(10 points)

  Notice

  June 20 ,2014

  To enrich extracurricular activities, our school intends to hold a summer camp for students from high school on July 6,2015. The event will include English learning and

basketball games.

  Thus, volunteers for this camp are badly needed to assist us in organizing the relevant affairs, including reception, distribution of documents, etc. Candidates must have

adequate patience with the adolescents. Besides, the volunteers ought to have outstanding skills at English. Students who have previous experience as volunteers are preferred.

  Those who are interested in taking part in it may sign up with the monitor of their classes before June 30,2014.

  Peking University

  解析:

  小作文即A 节作文的评分侧重点在于信息点的覆盖、内容的组织、语言的准确性、格式和语域的恰当。对语法结构和词汇多样性的要求将根据具体试题作调整。允许在作文中使用提示语中出现过的

个别关键词或词组,但使用提示语中出现过的句子将被扣分。

  要点一定要覆盖全!本文有两个要点:一是简要介绍夏令营活动内容;二是招募志愿者。

  所以本篇文章必须包括以上两点!关于活动内容,大家可以写组织学习和体育比赛之类。关于招募志愿者,大家可以写志愿者要符合什么条件!

  当然,这篇文章还是有不少陷阱的,比如日期的选择,学校的选择!不过跨考的谷老师认为:格式的问题重点一定是有没有的问题!

  今年英语二的作文出题可谓是另辟蹊径!大作文如此,小作文亦是一样!从2010年设立英语二的试卷以来,连续五年的小作文都考到的是书信!而今年考查的是通知这种告示类文体!相信不仅是众

多的考研同学们,就是不少老师都是始料未及的!

  翻到《全国硕士研究生招生考试英语(二)考试大纲(非英语专业)》第2页,在考查目标里的写作部分,有以下的表述:

  考生应能写不同类型的应用文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等,还应能写一般描述性、叙述性和说明或议论性的文章。

  再翻到第5页,在考试形式、考试内容与试卷结构的写作部分,有以下的表述:

  该部分由A、B 两部分组成,主要考查考生的书面表达能力。共25分。

  A节:考生根据所给情景写出一篇约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等。共10分。

  B节:要求考生根据所规定的情景或给出的提纲,写出一篇150词左右的英语说明文或议论文。提供情景的形式为图画、图表或文字。共15分。

  从对于小作文的要求来看,大纲上并未有对通知考查的出现。针对这一点,我们有理由替同学们感到愤怒!不过,英语一和英语二是紧密联系在一起的,相信同学们在准备英语二的时候肯定也做了

英语一的真题,在写作这一部分,英语一在2010年就考了通知!

  我在网上也找到了2010年的大纲中,在评价目标中:考生应能写不同类型的应用文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告等,以及一般描述性、叙述性、说明性或议论性的文章;在考试形式

、考试内容与试卷结构中:考生根据所给情景写出一篇约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告等。

  从中也可以看出并没有对通知的要求,不过,从常识来看,通知应该是最基本和最常见的一种告示,是一种重要的应用文。

  48.Directions:

  Write an essay based on the following chart. you should

  1) interpret the chart and

  2) give your comments.

You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET.(15 points).

 

 

    我国某市居民春节假期花销比例

  作文解析:

  今年英语二作文的题目比较好写,因为标题和图示非常清晰明白。图标显示了我国某市居民春节假期花销比例, 考生分析原因的话也会很简单。下面分三段简要地说一下这三段应该怎么写。

  第一段主要是描述图表。图表一目了然,数量词百分比也是大家熟悉的词汇,主要是春节的翻译,可能有些同学不会写,为Spring Festival。表述数据时,图中有四组数据,由于字数的限制以及为

了写作的便利可以突出最大比例的“新年礼物”,其他两个“交通”和“聚会吃饭”可以选择其一来描述,注意百分比的表达方式。

  第二段给出你的评论,主要写这种情况的原因。主要要结合图表描述的内容从两个方面写起。一方面为什么买新年礼物花费的钱最多, 另一方面为什么交通或者聚会会占到20%比例。

  最后结尾段落可简要得出结论,这种现象并不奇怪,还将继续下去。

  参考例文:

  As is clearly reflected in the above pie chart, the proportion of money spent on various affairs demonstrates obvious differences during the Spring Festival in one city of

China. According to the data given, the money spent on buying gifts for others takes a lion’s share, accounting for 40%. While transportation takes away 20% of the whole

proportion.

  What triggers this phenomenon? It is not difficult to put forward several factors responsible for this phenomenon. To start with, with the ever-growing eagerness to keep up

with others, oceans of folks intended to offer thicker and thicker red envelope to kids as gift money, which leads to the high proportion of our expenditure. What’s more, due

to the great urbanization, most Chinese residents move from their hometowns to work in big cities. In order to cover the long distance and enjoy the happy together with family

members, a large amount of money is spent on transportation.

  In view of the arguments above, we can conclude that the current phenomenon is of no surprise. And therefore, it can be predicted that buying gifts and transportation will

still take up a large share in our expenditure during the Spring Festival.

 

 

相关推介:

2015年MBA/MPA/MPACC英语真题及答案汇总(一)

2015年MBA/MPA/MPACC英语真题及答案汇总(二)

2015年MBA/MPA/MPACC英语真题及答案汇总(三)

华慧MBA历年MBA考试真题及答案解析下载

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